punching of composite panel decks direct

Composite Steel Floor Deck - Slabs - Steel Deck Institute

The Steel Deck Institute has developed the material contained herein. ... This Standard for Composite Steel Floor Deck-Slabs, hereafter referred to as the ..... achieving the fire resistance by membrane protection, direct applied protection, ..... Punching Shear Resistance: The critical surface for calculating punching shear. 528.

Strength and Life Prediction of FRP Composite Bridge Deck

Apr 23, 2008 ... Figure 3.2 Solid FRP deck with flat punch of variable stiffness . ... Figure 4.5 FRP deck panels and joints of the Hawthorne St. Bridge mock-up. ..... The annual direct cost of corrosion for highway bridges is $8.3 billion and life-...

Design Guide for Precast UHPC Waffle Deck Panel System ...

Jun 22, 2016 ... In the context of ABC, precast concrete deck panels are being utilized ..... In a recent study on tension behavior of UHPC, Graybeal and Baby used a direct tension test ..... To make the UHPC waffle deck panels fully composite with the .... The measured average punching shear strength was about 1.068 ksi,...

sdi manual of construction with steel deck - Steel Deck Institute

Sheet to sheet fastening is done with screws, button punching. (crimping), or welds. ... Composite floor deck is normally installed so the panel ends do not overlap on ... because the flat plate now on the top can prevent direct access to the deck...

Wild Hog Pre-Welded Railing Panels - DecksDirect

The Wild Hog Railing line fills the need for high-quality railing panels that are both attractive and affordable. With a 6-gauge welded 4" x 4" infill, these panels are...

Composite Slabs and Beams using Steel Decking: Best Practice for ...

Corus Panels and Profiles Ltd. Mr D St Quinton ... Composite slabs consist of profiled steel decking with an in-situ reinforced concrete ..... (for punching shear). ..... The bearing length is the longitudinal length of decking or slab in direct contact.

EN 1994 - Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and ... - Eurocodes

There are many types of profiled steel sheet used in composite slabs; these types .... The bearing length is the longitudinal length of sheeting or slab in direct ... The detail in Fig 4(c) may not be practical, owing to the fact that through-deck welding ..... wheels of a mobile elevating work platform (MEWP), the punching shear...

Punching strengthening of two-way slabs using ... - Science Direct

The strengthened four slabs showed improved stiffness and punching shear ... use of steel plates or fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites externally bonded to ... to strengthen reinforced concrete bridge deck panels subjected to punching...

chapter 10 concrete decks - Caltrans

Bridge decks are an integral part of the bridge structure by providing the direct ... Precast concrete decks consist of either precast reinforced concrete panels ... Therefore, the primary failure mode is punching shear. ... Unfilled, composite grids.

Steel Deck Institute Diaphragm Design Manual ... - Scholars' Mine

It has been accepted for inclusion in Steel Deck Institute by an .... Section 4.7 Button Punched Sidelaps ••.•••••••.•..••..•.••• •• ••. ..... The behavior of a diaphragm is dependent on the types of panels used, the methods ... 26, Design Manual for Composite ..... The same variational studies were ~pplied to the direct shear strength.

Information - Kansas City Deck Builder | All Weather Decks

All Weather Decks, Decks, Deck, Decking, Cedar, , Composite, Composite Decking, Deck, Decking, ... unless the deck material is in direct contact with the ground. ... Deck. Spilled wine, fruit punch, even hamburger grease

Shear connection in composite beams ... - Science Direct

Rib shearing and rib punch-through failures can cause major problems with the shear connection of composite beams incorporating open-trough profile decks...

Alternatives to Steel Grid Bridge Decks - FIU Digital Commons

Apr 8, 2011 ... Deck, Honeycomb Sandwich Panels, and KSCI® FRP Composite Bridge Deck. .... Roberts-Wollmann (2005) evaluated the punching shear capacity of UHPC ...... as bond breakers to avoid direct connection between deck and.

Punching shear concrete slabs | Request PDF - ResearchGate

Reinforced Ultra-lightweight cement composite flat slabs: Experiments and ... Punching shear strength of strengthened deck panels with externally bonded plates .... Direct Digital Image Analysis of Local Displacements and Strains in a Pull-out...

About the Reliability of Punching Verifications in ... - Bentham Open

Jul 27, 2013 ... The flat plate is a direct development from the ... also by drop panels or thickened areas of the slab surround- ... structures such as bridge deck slabs, often subjected to se- ...... crete", Cement & Concrete Composites, vol.

How have composite bridges measured up?: CompositesWorld

Jan 8, 2016 ... ... US) recently highlighted a provision in the $305 billion highway bill that will direct the ... Mill Creek, DE, US bridge deck built by Hardcore Composites: In the ... L-shaped clamps were used to attach the multiple deck panels, made ... and learned that one had suffered damage from repeated punch loads,...

Alumalite - Laminators Inc.

BENEFITS. •...O ptimal.for.direct.digital.printing,.bending,.routing,.and.cutting. •. ... Omega-Bond™ Solid core aluminum composite panel. UL.File.number:.

steel deck fastening systems - Hilti

Mechanically attached X-HVB shear connector for use in composite beam .... pieces of sheet metal together by punching through the steel to create a flap of...

Button Punch Tools | Metal Deck Direct

Heavy Duty Professional Grade Button Punch Tool For Interlocking Metal Decks. New and Improved Redesigned Button Punch Tool. Capable of button...